Polymer composites are crucial to reducing friction and wear in many technical components. Our main goal is therefore to advance the art of designing materials with tailored friction and wear.

The key challenge for this is to understand the complex interaction of material composition, manufacturing, operating conditions and failure mechanisms. In tribometry we emphasize the development of new test procedures and tribometers for improved data quality and increased data amount,  both of which are critically needed for the design of tribological materials.

In fundamental material research we focus on the formation and stability of transfer films in polymer-metal sliding and their impact on friction and wear. We characterize and evaluate composite materials using in-house designed and constructed model and component test rigs equipped with precision sensors.

These high performance composites are typically applied as e.g. slide bearings with high thermal stability, low friction coefficient, and extended service life.

They are able to operate under dry, boundary, and hydrodynamic lubrication conditions. Tribology’s close networking with related competence fields enables IVW to offer research and development of tribologic composites along the entire value-added chain. This includes manufacturing processes, testing technology and methodology, and material analytics from a single source.


Andreas Gebhard

Manager Tribology

Special expertise:
Tribology of polymers, tribometers and tribometry, transfer films, development of polymeric composite materials, laboratory information management, data modeling
Room: 58/433
Economic Sectors Applications (Examples)
Automotive Bearings and bearing materials
Engineering High accelerated machine parts, piston bearings and calander coatings, rotor/stator systems

Special Expertise and Testing Equipment

Special Expertise

  • Application-oriented customized development of composite materials and manufacturing processes, tribological testing procedures and methodology, component testing

Testing Capabilities

  • Sliding, abrasion, erosion, fretting
  • Various contact geometries at high specific loads and velocities
  • Lubricated testing

Materials and Questions

Typical Materials

  • Thermosets
  • Thermoplastics
  • Elastomers
  • Glass/carbon/aramid fibers
  • Micro- and nanoparticles
  • Solid lubricants

Typical Questions

  • How can transfer films be observed and quantified in a laterally extensive and time-resolved manner?
  • Which materials form a temporally, thermally and mechanically stable transfer film?
  • Which anti-friction coatings can also be used at temperatures above 300°C?

Projects in this field

Publications from the IVW papers in this field of competence

  • Padenko, E.

    PBI-Hochleistungsbeschichtungen für verschleißbeanspruchte Funktionsflächen

  • Sebastian, R.

    Advanced in-situ Measurements within Sliding Contacts

  • Rasheva, Z.

    Polyamidimid-basierte Beschichtungen für schnell laufende Maschinenelemente mit integrierten Tribofunktionen

  • Gyurova, L.A.

    Sliding Friction and Wear of Polyphenylene Sulfide Matrix Composites: Experimental and Artificial Neural Network Approach

  • Harraß, M.

    Tribologische Beanspruchung ausgewählter technischer Kunststoffe unter Roll-Gleit-Kontakt

  • Chang, Li

    Friction and Wear of Nanoparticle Filled Polymer Composites

  • Kameo, K.

    New routes for tailoring metal- and ceramic-based composites for tribological applications

  • Klein, P.

    Tribologisches Eigenschaftsprofil kurzfaserverstärkter Polytetrafluor-ethylen/Polyetheretherketon-Verbundwerkstoffe

  • Oster, F.

    Hochtemperaturbeständige Polymer-Beschichtungen für tribologische Anwendungen

  • Flöck, J.

    Beitrag zur experimentellen und modellhaften Beschreibung der Gleitverschleißmechanismen kohlenstoffaserverstärkter Polyetheretherketone PEEK)Verbunde

  • Reinicke, R.

    Eigenschaftsprofil neuer Verbundwerkstoffe für tribologische Anwendungen im Automobilbereich

  • Hartmann, A.

    Lebenszykluskostenrechnung als strategisches oder operatives Bewertungs- und Planungsinstrument für die Technologie der Faser-Kunststoff-Verbunde