Due to their excellent specific mechanical properties, fiber-polymer composites (FRPC) offer enormous potential for applications in construction and transport. In these areas, however, the fulfilment of fire protection requirements plays an important role for the approval of materials. In addition, new construction and mobility concepts have to meet high sustainability demands. In the SusComTrab project, IVW investigates, together with Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut (STFI) and the Belgian research institute Centexbel, how FRPC can achieve an optimum combination of mechanical performance, sustainability and fire protection. Natural fibers, e.g. from basalt and flax, as well as recycled carbon fibers are combined with sustainable resin systems, e.g. cashew-based epoxy resin and benzoxazine, which is advantageous from an occupational health and safety point of view. STFI develops various nonwovens from the different fiber types as reinforcing materials. IVW evaluates their processability and is responsible for the production of specimens and demonstrators as well as their mechanical testing. Centexbel develops and modifies the resin systems and carries out burn tests.
Suitable manufacturing technologies and the development of novel fiber-polymer composites based on renewable or recycled fibers and sustainable resins pave the way for applications in construction and transport.
The project “SusComTrab – Flame Retardant Sustainable Composites for Transport and Building Applications“ is funded by the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy on the basis of a decision by the German Bundestag and supervised by the Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V. (funding reference 0226 EBG/2).